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Bergen County New Jersey Municipalities

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ALLENDALE

Allendale became a Bergen County, N.J. borough organized and incorporated November 10, 1894 (referendum November 8, 1894) from area taken from Orvil, Hohokus, and Franklin Townships. The locality was known as "Allendale" from 1848. It was named for the station established here on the Ramapo & Paterson Railroad (later Erie main line; now Conrail), which had been named for Joseph Warner Allen, the enginer who had surveyed the route of the railroad. He had lived with the Ackerman family in Allendale for a time while he worked in the area.
Between about 1806 until 1848 the area was sometimes called "the Turnpike" for the Franklin Turnpike, a major thoroughfare established in 1806 as a toll road running north/south through the community.

A residential community, Allendale was earlier agricultural and a summer resort. Includes or included Crestwood Lake (now a 70-acre borough park), Fell's Meadows, Wolf Swamp.

Allendale Postal Service -- Allendale Post Office was established 11 November 1869 with Smith Roswell as the first Postmaster. Other early Postmasters included Richard V. Ackerman (18 Sep 1885), Louis Rossner (4 June 1889), Henry Upham (13 Feb 1892), Stephen J. Van Blarcom (18 Apr 1893), Albert F. Krause (26 Apr 1897), Michael McDermott (6 May 1902), John W. Winter (25 July 1913), and William G. Z. Critchley (12 Dec 1922). The Allendale Zip Code is 07401.

General Information -- Allendale is 2.79 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-700; 1918-1,300; 1940-2,058; 1980-5,901; 1990-5,900.

ALPINE

Alpine was created as a Bergen County, N.J. borough April 8, 1903 from area taken from Harrington Township. In 1904 Alpine acquired area from Cresskill Borough. Includes or included Skunk Hollow.
The Blackledge-Kearney House, built about 1750 and restored to reflect three significant periods in area history, is located in Alpine in the Palisades Interstate Park.

The Alpine Cemetery, a non-sectarian community cemetery is located on the south side of Cemetery Street in Alpine. It has about 100 markers dating from 1870 to the present. Among the family names represented here are Crum, Gecox, Pearsall, Tavinere, Van Sciver, and Ver Valen.

The Skunk Hollow Cemetery is a small African-American church cemetery located in Alpine in Palisades Interstate Park, near the New York State line and Route 9W. Some remains were transferred to other locations and other headstones were vandalized. Among the family names originally represented in this cemetery were Sisco, Thompson and Oliver.

Alpine Post Office -- Alpine Post Office was established 6 April 1871 with Joseph DuBois as the first Postmaster. Other early Alpine Postmasters included Edward Kohler (9 Aug 1893), Frederick J. Browning (24 Sep 1914), Anton Rinschler (10 May 1918, and Charles A. Wendt (26 Jan 1921). The Alpine Zip Code is 07620.

General Information -- Alpine is 5.299 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-300; 1918-448; 1940-626; 1980-1,549; 1990-1,716. See also Huyler's Landing.


BERGENFIELD

Bergenfield is a Bergen County, N.J. borough incorporated as the Borough of Bergenfield June 26, 1894 from area taken from Palisade and Englewood Townships. Earlier a part of Palisade(s) Township. Also found written Bergen Fields.

The area was known as Schraalenburgh until the railroad named a station located in present Dumont "Schraalenburgh." A new name was therefore needed when a station was built to the south and the railroad printed a time table designating the station Bergen Fields.

The building (erected 1799) of the old South Schraalenburgh Dutch Reformed Church (organized 1724) is located here. Before the Civil War Richard T. Cooper (and later his son, Tunis R. Cooper) ran a sawmill and chair factory at the head of Cooper's Pond and George Wolfkill, a celebrated slip-ware potter, probably had his pottery here ("G. Wolfkill" is noted here on a 1860 map, but others have felt the pottery was located on the banks of the Hackensack River). The Bergenfield Museum at 84 Hickory Avenue opened in December 1989.

Bergenfield Post Office -- The Bergenfield Post Office was established 11 Dec 1883 with John Z. Demarest as the first Postmaster. Other early Bergenfield Postmasters included Charles B. Hunter (appointed 23 Feb 1911), George Breisacher (1 Mar 1915), Alfred Christie (10 Sep 1919), and John G. Stoughton (15 Feb 1924). The Bergenfield Zip Code is 07621.

General Information -- A station in 1918 on the West Shore Railroad and the New York, Ontario and Western Railroad (one station used by both lines). 3 sq. miles in area. Population: 1918-3,200; 1930-8.816; 1940-10,275; 1950-17,647; 1970-29,700; 1980-25,263; 1990-24,458.


BOGOTA

A Bergen County, N.J. borough organized November 17, 1894 (referendum November 14, 1894) from area taken from Ridgefield Township. It was named for the Bogert family who settled and lived in the area. In 1895, part of its area went to Teaneck Township, and on May 3, 1921 part of its area went to Overpeck Township.

In 1641 the Achter Col Colony, extending northward from Newark Bay toward Tappan, N.Y., was established in what is thought to have been this vicinity. It was destroyed in 1643 by Indians.

Paper and cardboard manufacturing companies were begun here as early as 1895. Bogota was served by three railroads in 1909: the West Shore Railroad, the New York, Ontario and Western Railroad, and the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad; all three having stations within the borough.

Bogota Post Office - A Bogota Post Office was established here on 26 June 1895 with Lewis V. D. Smith as Postmaster. The Bogota Post Office was discontinued 30 June 1901, with its mail to be handled by Hackensack Post Office (it became Sub-station No. 3 of Hackensack). This became Station No. 3 31 March 1902 and was discontinued 30 June 1905. In April 1906 it was re-established as Station No. 4 (Bogota) of the Hackensack Post Office. It became Bogota Branch, Hackensack 1 March 1924 and became an Independent Branch Feb 1927. A Rural Bogota Station of Hackensack was established May 1916 and was discontinued 1923. Today Bogota receives mail through the Hackensack Post Office (Bogota Branch, with a Zip Code of 07603).

General Information - Bogota is .703 sq. mile in area. Population: 1909-800; 1918-3,000; 1940-7,346; 1980-8,344; 1990-7,824.


CARLSTADT

The vicinity probably was known by the name of Carlstadt from 1851 when The German Democratic Land Association bought the site. The place was named in honor of the organizer of the settlement, Dr. Carl Klein. Carlstadt village was formed March 12, 1860 within Lodi Township.

Carlstadt Borough was organized June 28, 1894 with its area taken from Bergen Township. In 1895 and 1897 more area was added to the Borough from Bergen Township. Includes locality called Hexenbuckl.

Carlstadt Post Office - A Bergen County Post Office named Carlstadt was established 2 August 1858 with Charles R. Treppke as the first Postmaster. The Carlstadt Post Office was discontinued 29 July 1901 and on 1 August 1901 it became a Station of the Rutherford Post Office. It became an Independent Station 2 Dec 1901 and an Independent Branch 25 May 1908. The Carlstadt Post Office was reestablished at a later date. Other early Carlstadt Postmasters were John N. Rasmus (30 Aug 1860), John M. Deppert (13 Sep 1865), Albert Hoffman (2 May 1881), George Zimmerman (18 Sep 1885), Albert Hoffman (11 May 1889), Henry Petri (30 June 1893) Jacob H. Ullmann (16 June 1897), and Albert Neiderer (22 June 1901). Today Carlstadt receives its mail through the Rutherford Post Office (Carlstadt Branch, Zip Code 07072).

General Information - In 1909 Carlstadt was a station on the Erie Railroad (in 1918, the New Jersey and New York Railroad, Erie System). 4.2 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-3.500; 1918-5,000; 1940-5,644; 1980-6,166; 1990-5,510.


CLIFFSIDE PARK

Cliffside Park is a Bergen County, N.J. borough organized January 16, 1895 (referendum January 15, 1895) from area taken from Ridgefield Township. In 1909 some area from Fairview Borough was added. Earlier called Cliffside
Cliffside Park includes or included Grantwood, Pleasant Valley, and Shadyside. Palisades Amusement Park was operated here from 1898 until 1971.

Cliffside Park Postal Service - On 30 September 1931 the name of the Cliffside Post Office was changed to Cliffside Park Post Office. At one time, some areas of Cliifside Park received their mail through the Hudson Heights Post Office (Township of North Bergen, Hudson County, NJ). The Cliffside Park Zip Code is 07010.

General Information - Cliffside Park is about 1 sq. mile in area. Population: 1940-16,892; 1970-18,891; 1980-21,464; 1990-20,393.


CLOSTER

A vicinity, called Closter, originally a large area of undefined boundaries, existed from 1723 or earlier. It included the territory approximately as far north as Tappan, N.Y. and as far south as Englewood, N.J.

Closter Borough was formed April 1903 (incorporated 1 January 1904) from land taken from Harrington Township. In 1904 a part of Closter's area was transferred to Harrington Park Borough.

The Abram Demaree Homestead at Old Hook and Schraalenburgh Roads in Closter is maintained by a preservation group as an historic site and educational facility.

Closter Postal Service - A Closter Post Office was established 18 Jan 1861 with John H. Stephens as the first Postmaster. Other early Closter Postmasters included David L. Baker (6 May 1884), John B. Kipp (18 Sep 1885), David L. Baker (22 Mar 1889), Garrett D. Durie (29 June 1893), William L. Lindemann, Jr. (28 Oct 1895), William Tate (20 Sep 1897), John H. Lindemann (7 Feb 1916), David C. Bogert (1 July 1924) and Victor R. Bell (18 Mar 1930). The Closter Zip Code is 07624.

General Information - A station stop on the Northern Railroad of New Jersey. 3.31 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,500; 1940-2,603; 1980-8,164; 1990-8,094.


CRESSKILL

Cresskill became a Bergen County, N.J. borough incorporated May 11, 1894 (referendum May 8, 1894), from area taken from Palisades Township. Named for the watercress that grew in abundance in the stream here. In 1904 a portion of its area transferred to Alpine Borough. On December 31, 1970 parts were exchanged with Tenafly Borough.

The Camp Merritt Memorial at Knickerbocker Road and Madison Avenue in Cresskill is a county-owned memorial monument and min-park erected on part of the 1917 site of the World War I Camp Meritt.

Cresskill Post Office - Cresskill Post Office was established 30 January 1863 with Henry Ferdon as the first Postmaster. Other early Cresskill Postmasters included Charles E. Blauvelt (19 Sep 1873), Joseph K. Bertholf (4 May 1884), Charles E. Blauvelt (20 June 1889), James M. Lewis (16 Sep 1895), Edith L. Demarest (8 July 1903), Edith L. Bogert (11 Sep 1905), Louis Meore (26 Feb 1907), Lemuel M. Stuart (26 Aug 1911), Henry T. Thiele (19 Feb 1914), George N. Crabbe (18 Jan 1916), William Griffin (3 Nov 1916), Lauretta V. Byrnes (5 June 1923), Inez Greene (4 Aug 1925), and William R. Mayer (22 Mar 1926). The Cresskill Zip Code is 07626.

General Information - In 1909 a station on the Northrn Railroad of New Jersey (Erie System).2 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-700; 1940-2,246; 1980-7,609; 1990-7,558.


DEMAREST

Demarest became a Bergen County, N.J. borough incorporated April 8, 1903 from land taken from Harrington and Palisades Townships. Named after the Hon. Ralph S. Demarest, a Senator from Bergen County in 1860-62 and Assemblyman in 1855-56. Earlier called Lower Closter.

The railroad depot at Demarest was designed by J. Cleveland Cady (architect of the Metropolitan Opera House and the American Museum of Natural History) and built in 1874 of stone quarried in the vicinity.

A Bergen County post office by this name existed by 1871. Early Demarest postmasters included John A. Van Buskirk (5 Dec 1871), William Palmer (16 Mar 1886), John D. Ferdon (29 July 1889), John H. Priest (19 Sep 1891), Matthew J. Bogert (30 Mar 1892), Arthur H. Priest (26 July 1904) John H. Kook (13 Mar 1907), Benjamin T. Macdonald (29 July 1909), Elizabeth S. McDonald (12 Dec 1916), Marion D. Ketcham (4 Mar 1922), Frank Achilles (15 Jan 1924), Anna Heus (19 Dec 1927). The Demarest Zip Code is 07627.

General Information - In 1909 a station on the Northern Railroad of New Jersey (Erie System). 2.1 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-500; 1940-1,165; 1980-4,963; 1990-4,800.


DUMONT

Incorporated as Bergen County, N.J. Borough of Schraalenburgh July 20, 1894. It was renamed the Borough of Dumont in 1895 in honor of Dumont Clarke, a New York banker and public-spirited citizen of the area who was the first Mayor of the Borough of Dumont. The Borough of Dumont was incorporated June 13, 1898. In 1904 part of its area was transferred to Haworth Borough.

Dumont Post Office - The former Schraalenburgh Post Office was renamed Dumont Post Office on 19 Nov 1898. Early Dumont postmasters included Peter E. Moore (appointed 19 Nov 1898) and Frank Will (25 May 1906). The Dumont Zip Code is 07628.

General Information - In 1909 Dumont was a station on the West Shore Railroad. 1.79 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,400; 1940-7,556; 1970-20,155; 1980-18,334; 1990-17,187.


EAST RUTHERFORD

Bergen County, N.J. borough organized March 28, 1894 (referendum March 27, 1894) replacing Boiling Springs Township. Includes or included Carlton Hill.

East Rutherford was established as a Branch Post Office of the Rutherford Post Office on 1 October 1926 and became an Independent Branch in March 1931. Today East Rutherford receives its mail from Rutherford Post Office (the East Rutherford Branch Zip Code is 07073.)

General Information - East Rutherford is 3.64 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-7,268; 1980-7,849; 1990-7,902.


EDGEWATER

The Edgewater area was a Bergen County, N.J. borough organized as Undercliff Borough on December 7, 1894 from area taken from Ridgefield Township. Its name was changed, in March 1895, to Edgewater; it was incorporated as Edgewater Borough on November 8, 1899 by resolution of Council.

Edgewater Post Office - The Edgewater Post Office was established 21 January 1879 with John A. Winterburn as the first Postmaster. Other early Edgewater Postmasters included Munson G. Pickett (appointed 29 Nov 1881), Oliver C. Sprague (26 Dec 1883), James H. Wynne (10 Aug 1888), John A. Winterburn (16 Sep 1895), William C. Godstrey (27 Nov 1899), John J. McGarry (1 June 1906), Emery Benoit (6 June 1914), Irvin D. B. Spatz (15 Jan 1923), Charles Van Gelder (1 Oct 1926), and George Oberle (19 Dec 1927). The Edgewater Zip Code is 07020.

General Information - In 1909 Edgewater was a station on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad. Includes or included Burdett's Ferry. .70 sq. mile in area. Population: 1909-1,775; 1940-4,082; 1980-4,628; 1990-5,001.


ELMWOOD PARK

Formerly East Paterson; still earlier, Dundee Lake. Elmwood Park is a Bergen County, N.J. borough incorporated as East Paterson March 16, 1916; its name was changed to Elmwood Park Borough on January 1, 1973 (referendum November 7, 1972). Includes or included Dundee, Dundee Lake, and Passaic Junction.

Elmwood Park Post Office - The Elmwood Park Zip Code is 07407.

General Information - Population: 1970-20,511; 1980-18,377; 1990-17,623.


EMERSON

An area originally called Kinderkamack, it was set off from the Township of Washington, and incorporated as the Bergen County, N.J. borough of Etna on April 8, 1903. Etna was a station on the New Jersey & New York Railroad. The name was changed and it was incorporated as the Borough of Emerson on March 9, 1909. In 1909 a part of its area transferred to Westwood Borough. On April 26, 1939 part of its area went to Paramus Borough. On September 24, 1957 Emerson Borough exchanged portions with Westwood Borough.

Includes or included sections called Continental Woods, Frog Town, Lozier Park, Memorial School, Old Hook, Soldier Hill, Steenrapie. Primarily residential.

Emerson Post Office - The name of the Bergen County Post Office of Kinderkamack was changed 1 June 1877 to Etna, which name was later changed from Etna to Emerson. Early Emerson postmasters included Herman Keystone (appointed 24 May 1909), Diedrich Wulff (9 Feb 1912), David Battaglia (5 Mar 1921), Rocco Alexander (16 Feb 1927) and Frances R. Pavese (15 Oct 1927). The Emerson Zip Code is 07630.

General Information - Emerson is about 2.5 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-1,487; 1980-7,793; 1990-6,930.


ENGLEWOOD

Englewood Township was formed April 3, 1871 from area taken from Hackensack Township. The vicinity had been known by this name from at least August 15, 1859, when J. Wyman Jones filed a map of "Englewood" in the Bergen County Clerk's Office. The name is said to be a contraction of "English Neighborhood," the early name for this locality. On June 26, 1894 part of its area went to Bergenfield Borough. In 1895 part of its area transferred to Teaneck Township. On May 10, 1895 a portion went to Englewood Cliffs Borough. On March 17, 1899 its remaining area became part of Englewood City. Also known from an early time as Liberty Pole. Includes or included Nordhoff.

Englewood City was incorporated March 17, 1899, formed from Englewood Township and Ridgefield Township. A previous referendum on March 10, 1896 and incorporation March 12, 1896 were declared unconstitutional. In 1960 Englewood City's boundary with Englewood Cliffs Borough was clarified.

Englewood Post Office - Englewood Post Office was established 18 January 1861 with John Van Brunt as the first Postmaster. Other early Englewood Postmasters included James W. Deuel (28 Nov 1863), Gilbert W. Chamberlain (10 Dec 1867), Henry J. DeMott (7 Apr 1869), Henry C. Jackson (2 Apr 1872), Charles Barry, Jr. (13 Dec 1882), Francis H. Demarest (10 Jan 1887), John H. Ackerman (27 Jan 1891), Alexander Livingston, Jr. (21 Sep 1893), James Harris (16 Nov 1897), Charles D. Stainton (16 Mar 1904), Thomas C. Bertwhistle (20 Aug 1913), and Milton A. Whyard (31 Mar 1922). The Englewood Zip Code is 07631.

General Information - In 1909 Englewood was a station on the Erie Railroad. A residential community, 4.5 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-9,000; 1940-18,966; 1970-24,985; 1980-23,701; 1990-23,601 (or 24,850).


ENGLEWOOD CLIFFS

A Bergen County, N.J. borough incorporated May 10, 1895 (referendum May 9, 1895). It was created from area taken from Englewood and Palisades Townships. In 1960 its boundary with Englewood City was clarified.

At one time Englewood Cliffs mail was handled by the Coytesville Post Office. Englewood Cliffs today receives its mail through the Englewood Post Office (the Englewood Cliffs Branch Zip Code is 07632).

General Information - Englewood Cliffs is about 1.9 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-888; 1980-5,698; 1990-5,634.


FAIR LAWN

The area was created a Bergen County, N.J. Borough incorporated March 6, 1924 (referendum April 5, 1924) as "Fairlawn," from area taken from Saddle River Township. The name was taken from "Fairlawn," the name David Acker gave to his estate built in 1865 (later the Fair Lawn Municipal Building). From the 1600s to as late as 1791 the locality that became Fair Lawn was known as Slaughterdam or Slooterdam. By the late 1800s the area was "Fairlawn," but later the Post Office split the name into two words, "Fair Lawn." In 1933 the borough's official spelling was changed to Fair Lawn Borough. Includes or included Bellair, Radburn, and Warren Point.

The Cadmus House, at 14-01 Pollitt Avenue in Fair Lawn houses the Fair Lawn Historical Museum. The Garretson Farm, at 4-02 River Road, Fair Lawn, is a county-owned historic site on a farmstead begun shortly after 1719.

Fair Lawn Post Office - Fair Lawn Post Office (often spelled Fairlawn Post Office) was established 6 February 1882 with Henry A. Hopper as the first Postmaster. The Post Office name was originally two words, Fair Lawn, but was changed to one word, Fairlawn, on 1 Dec 1931. Other early Fair Lawn Postmasters included Henry Hopper, Jr. (appointed 15 Apr 1884), Louis A. Gumaer (7 Mar 1901), William H. Cadmus (2 Mar 1905), Walter M. Bogert (27 July 1910), Mervin R. Crist (14 May 1912), Zigman Challice (4 June 1920), and Z. Charles Challice (28 Feb 1928). The Fair Lawn Zip Code is 07410.

General Information - In 1909 Fair Lawn was a station on the Erie Railroad. 5.3 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-160; 1940-9,017; 1970-37,975; 1980-32,229; 1990-30,548.


FAIRVIEW

Fairview became a Bergen County, N.J. Borough organized December 19, 1894 (referendum December 18, 1894) from area taken from Ridgefield Township. In 1909 part of its area was transferred to Cliffside Park Borough.

Fairview Postal Service - A post office by this name existed as early as 1869. The post office had earlier been named English Neighborhood. Early Fairview postmasters included David McDonald (15 Oct 1869), William H. McDonald (10 Ap[r 1883), Percival D. Wragg (2 Mar 1886), Wm. H. McDonald (13 May 1889), Percival D. Wragg (9 Aug 1893), John B. Cowan (11 Oct 1897), Gerard Hahrenholz (12 Mar 1900), Nat V. Samler (12 Mar 1903), Mary A. Danielson (17 Apr 1905), John P. Phillips (5 July 1906), Robert J. MacLeese (22 Oct 1915), John D. Janssen (29 Mar 1917) Patrick Marino (13 Apr 1921), Joseph Caccio (11 Oct 1921), Dante Caporale (10 Jan 1923), Patrick Marino (22 Aug 1925), and William C. Jordan (7 Jan 1926). At one time, some areas of Fairview received their mail through the Hudson Heights Post Office (Township of North Bergen, Hudson County, NJ) and at one time mail for a small section of North Bergen around the Fairview railroad station was handled by the Fairview Post Office. The Fairview Zip Code is 07022.

General Information - Fairview was station on the Northern Railway. Earlier known as English Neighborhood. .9 sq. mile in area. Population: 1909-2,000; 1940-8,770; 1970-10,698; 1980-10,519; 1990-10,733.


FORT LEE

The locality of Fort Lee was called by that name from the time of the Revolution, and later was a settlement within Ridgefield Township. The Borough of Fort Lee was organized and incorporated as a Bergen County, N.J. borough March 29, 1904, replacing Ridgefield Township. In 1909 part of its area was transferred to Cliffside Park Borough. Earlier called Long Meadow. Includes or included Coytesville and Taylorville.

In 1882 Semindinger's, a manufacturer of photographic materials, was here. In 1909 Fort Lee was a station on the Northern Railroad of New Jersey. During 1910-21 some of the pioneer film-making companies had their headquarters in Fort Lee, where the Palisades became the backdrop as Pearl White hung precariously in at least one episode of "The Perils of Pauline," the film series that quite literally introduced the term, "cliff hanger."

The Fort Lee Historic Park, a 33-acre site of Revolutionary fortifications with a museum is located on Hudson Terrace and is administered by the Palisades Interstate Park Commission.

Fort Lee Postal Service - A Bergen County post office, Fort Lee Post Office was established 29 Nov 1838 with Ivan (or E.) Lumley (or Evan Sumley) as Postmaster, and was discontinued 6 Oct 1840. The Fort Lee Post Office was re-established on 24 March 1854, with Michael O'Neil as Postmaster. Other early Fort Lee Postmasters included Henry Burdett (13 Sep 1865), John Diehl (18 Jan 1869), Charles E. Richter (24 Jan 1876), Carl L. Richter (28 Mar 1892), and William John Hart (3 Mar 1925). The Fort Lee Zip Code is 07024.

General Information - Fort Lee is about 2.5 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-3,800; 1940-9,468; 1970-30,361; 1980-32,406; 1990-31,997.


FRANKLIN LAKES

A Bergen County, N.J. borough organized March 1922 and incorporated March 11, 1922 from land set off from Franklin Township. Includes or included Bakers Pond, Blauvelt Lakes, Campgaw, Crystal Lakes, Ferdinands Mills, Hopper Lake, Newfoundland, and Shadow Lake. The lake itself--Franklin Lake--was earlier called "Great Pond."

Franklin Lakes Post Office - At one time Franklin Lakes received its mail through the Oakland, Campgaw, and Midland Park Post Offices. The Franklin Lakes Zip Code is 07417.

General Information - Residential; approx. 10 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-1,203; 1980-8,769; 1990-9,873.


GARFIELD

The area was earlier called Dundee. A part of Saddle River Township, the village of Garfield was laid out in 1881 at the junction of the Passaic and Saddle rivers and named after (20th) U.S. President James Abram Garfield.

Garfield was incorporated as a Bergen County, N.J. borough March 15, 1898 from area taken from Saddle River Township and Wallington Borough. Garfield was incorporated as a city April 19, 1917, replacing Garfield Borough.

Post Ford, located on River Road near Columbus Avenue, was a Passaic River crossing used by the British and Washington's army during the Revolutionary War. The octagon house on Orchard Street gave the Belmont section its name.
Includes or included sections called Bear's Nest, Belmont, Bogart Heights, Cadmus' Melon Patch, Dundee, Dundee Dam, East Passaic, Garfield Park, Peck Hook, Plaudersville, Robertsford.

Largely industrial, Garfield was once known for woolen products and today its chief industries are paper and paper products, chemicals, textiles, clothing and aluuminum products.

Garfield Post Office - The Garfield Post Office was established 7 August 1882 with Nicholas G. Vreeland as the first Postmaster. Garfield Post Office was discontinued 31 Jan 1902 and itbecame on 1 February 1902 a Station of the Passaic (Passaic County) Post Office. It then became a Branch (20 May 1908) and an Independent Branch (March 1926) of the Passaic Post Office. Garfield Post Office was reestablished 1 March 1928. Other early Garfield Postmasters included Henry Krygsman (appointed 29 May 1883), Gilbert D. Bogart (15 Oct 1883), Joel Horton (27 Mar 1888), Gilbert D. Bogert (13 May 1889), William O. Rush (19 Aug 1893), Charles H. Wright (22 June 1897), and DeWilton Lee Anderson (28 May 1829). The Garfield Zip Code is 07026.

General Information - In 1909 Garfield was a station on both the Bergen County Branch of the Erie Railroad, and the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad. Garfield is 2.08 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-7,200; 1940-28,044; 1960-29,253; 1970-30,797; 1980-26,870; 1990-26,727.


GLEN ROCK

A Bergen County, N.J. Borough organized (by referendum) September 12, 1894 and incorporated September 14, 1894, from area taken from Saddle River and Ridgewood Townships. Known earlier as Big Rock (from the large boulder located here), Small Lots and Rock Road.

Glen Rock was established as a Branch Post Office of the Ridgewood Post Office in August 1923, and became an Independent Branch in August 1935. Glen Rock is today a Branch of the Ridgewood Post Office. The Glen Rock Zip Code is 07452.

General Information - Includes Ferndale. 2.8 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-5,177; 1970-13,011; 1980-11,497; 1990-10,883.


HACKENSACK

Hackensack Precinct was originally a large territory which included all of the land in what was then Bergen County -- a narrow strip perhaps 5 or 6 miles wide along the west side of the Hudson River from the settlement of Bergen north to the New York state line, and stretching as far west as the Hackensack River. The locality name "Hackensack" originally referred only to the country between the Hudson and Hackensack Rivers. The name is Indian, probably meaning something like "one stream uniting imperceptibly with another in low, level ground," and was the name of the Hackensackey Indians who had an encampment about on the site of present-day Hackensack.

Hackensack was originally settled in 1642 by Myndert Myndertson van der Horst at a locality said to be near present-day Little Ferry. This first settlement was destroyed in 1643 by Indians. Early Hackensack encompassed a large area within the jurisdiction of the Hackensack Reformed Dutch Church, which was established here in 1686.

The original area of Hackensack was also known as New Barbadoes Township. (The country between the lower Hackensack and Passaic Rivers was called New Barbadoes by its early patentees, John Berry and others, some of whom had been born on the Island of Barbadoes.)

Hackensack Township was created by an act of the General Assembly on October 31, 1693 at which time its area included the land between the Hackensack and Hudson Rivers, extending on the south to the bounds of the Town of Bergen and to the north to the partition line of the Province (the New York State line). The Reformed Dutch Church of Hackensack was established here in 1686. Hackensack village was a part of Essex County until 1709 when Bergen County was enlarged and Hackensack was designated its county seat. In 1775 part of its area was transferred to Harrington Township. On February 21, 1798 Hackensack Township was incorporated. On March 22, 1871 Hackensack Township was divided into Ridgefield, Englewood, and Palisades Townships.

Hackensack Post Office -- A Bergen County post office by this name was established 28 Aug 1797 with Archibald Campbell as the first Hackensack Postmaster. This was Bergen County's first known post office. Other early Hackensack Postmasters included George Cassady (about 1805), John Baird (by 1806), Jonathan Baldwin (about 1811), Abraham Westervelt (by 1812), Robert J. Campbell (by 1827), A Hopper and R. Hill (appointed 8 Oct 1834), David D. Demarest (2 Oct 1834), Henry H. Banta (1 July 1841), David D. Demarest (29 Aug 1843), Albert G. Doremus (26 Aug 1845), Peter N. B. Demarest (22 June 1849), Steven T. Vanderbeek (22 Nov 1851), James B. Cleveland (3- Jan 1862), James Stewart (30 Mar 1868), Jacob S. Lozier (2 July 1869), Abraham H. Berry (17 Oct 1878), Mrs. Emma W. Berry (29 Aug 1879), John H. Winant (22 Mar 1888), John Engel (22 May 1888), William O. Labagh (9 May 1992), Jacob H. Fauk (14 May 1896), John J. Anderson (28 May 1900), William Jeffers (4 Aug 1905), James Norton (18 Feb 1914), Jacob W. Binder (28 Jan 1920), and William Jeffers (16 May 1922). Hackensack Zip Codes are 07601 (General Delivery) and 07602 (Main Office, Postmaster, Boxes). The Hackensack Post Office has Branches for Bogota, Hasbrouck Heights, Leonia, Maywood, South Hackensack, and Teterboro.

Hackensack Commission -- Hackensack was incorporated April 1, 1868 as a town named "Hackensack Commission," formed within New Barbadoes Township. In 1869 and in 1873 the boundary changed within New Barbadoes Township. In 1895 part of its area was acquired from New Barbadoes Township and in 1896 Hackensack acquired part of Lodi Township.

The earlier Hackensack territories are often referred to as Old Hackensack.

Hackensack City -- Hackensack was incorporated November 8, 1921 as a Bergen County, N.J. City, replacing Hackensack Commission and New Barbadoes Township. On November 1, 1961 areas were transferred to and from River Edge Borough.

Hackensack is the county seat of Bergen County, N.J. In 1909 Hackensack boasted 6 stations (within the city) on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad and the New Jersey and New York Railroad. Hackensack includes the present or former localities of Fairmount, Lodi Junction, North Hackensack and Zingsem.

General Information - Hackensack is 4 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-15,000; 1940-26,279; 1970-36,008; 1980-36,039; 1990-37,049.


HARRINGTON PARK

A Bergen County, N.J. borough organized from land taken from Harrington Township, Washington Township and Closter Borough. Incorporated March 29, 1904. In 1907 land west of Bogert Mill Bridge, extending to Old Hook Road, was turned over by Washington Township. Harrington Park's name is derived from the Haring family who were early settlers here.

Harrington Park Post Office - On 27 October 1927 the Harrington Post Office was changed to Harrington Park Post Office. An early Harrington Park postmaster was Andres H. Fechtenburg (appointed 16 Feb 1927). The Harrington Park Zip Code is 07640.

General Information - In 1909 Harrington Park was a station on the West Shore Railroad. Locality earlier called Harrington. 2.1 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-600; 1940-1,389; 1980-4,532; 1990-4,623.


HASBROUCK HEIGHTS

Hasbrouck Heights is a Bergen County, N.J. Borough which was organized July 31, 1894 (referendum) from area taken from Lodi Township. It was incorporated as Hasbrouck Heights Borough August 2, 1894. In 1901 part of its area was transferred to Lodi Borough; in 1905 some area was transferred to Hasbrouck Heights from Lodi Township. On July 5, 1918 part of its area was transferred to Teterboro Borough.

Earlier known as Polifly and Corona. The name Corona was changed about 1890 to Hasbrouck Heights to avoid confusion with Corona, NY (on Long Island). The name Hasbrouck Heights was chosen to honor J. D. Hasbrouck, then General Manager of the New Jersey and New York Railroad.

Hasbrouck Heights Postal Service -- A post office named Corona Post Office existed here by 1876. On 29 Nov 1889 the Corona Post Office was changed to Hasbrouck Heights. Early Hasbrouck Heights postmasters included Franklin R. Taggart (appointed 29 Nov 1889), Edward M. Anson (23 Nov 1893), and Richmond H. Taggart (2 Oct 1897). The Hasbrouck Heights Post Office was discontinued 2 Oct 1901 with its mail to be handled by Hackensack Post Office. Today Hackensack Post Office handles the mail for Hasbrouck Heights, with the Hasbrouck Heights Branch having a Zip Code of 07604.

General Information -- In 1909 Hasbrouck Heights had 2 stations on the New Jersey and New York Railroad (Erie System). The area was earlierearlier known as Polifly. Included Corona. 1.5 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,825; 1940-6,716; 1970-13,651; 1980-12,166; 1990-11,488.


HAWORTH

Haworth is a Bergen County, N.J. borough which was incorporated on February 24, 1904 from Dumont Borough and Harrington Township. The name may be related to Haworth, England, the home of the Brontė sisters.

Haworth Post Office -- The Haworth Post Office was established 26 March 1891 with Ninah L. Kilbourn as the first Postmaster. Other early Haworth Postmasters included Adolph C. Lobeck (appointed 8 March 1892), George S. Robinson (17 May 1895), Wilbur F. Herrick (14 Mar 1898), Charles F. Fowler (20 Feb 1900), Dennis T. Wintersteen (19 Mar 1903), Bayard Wight (19 Aug 1907), George A. Hurd (16 Sep 1908), William E. Kastendike (12 June 1915), Erving M. Fish (1 Oct 1918), Wilbur H. LeCompte (1 June 1919), William H. Grenelle (1 Oct 1920), and Caroline A. Cowan (1 Nov 1922). The Haworth Zip Code is 07641.

General Information -- Haworth is 2.2 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-1,419; 1980-3,509; 1990-3,384.


HILLSDALE

Hillsdale Township was organized as a Bergen County, N.J. township March 25, 1898, from area taken from Washington Township. In 1906 part of its area was transferred to River Vale Township. On March 2, 1923 it became Hillsdale Borough, replacing Hillsdale Township. On February 10, 1958 Hillsdale Borough exchanged portions with Park Ridge Borough.

Hillsdale Post Office - Hillsdale Post Office was established 11 April 1870 with Henry G. Hering as the first Postmaster. Other early Postmasters included Isaac D. Cole (26 Apr 1876), Wm. W. Banta (23 May 1887), David C. Demarest (7 Aug 1894), John W. Kinmouth (6 Sep 1894), John H. Winters (24 Aug 1898), John W. Kinmouth (11 Dec 1914), Joseph P. Quin (29 Jan 1917), Charles H. K. Riley (21 Dec 1925), and John W. Barnett (6 Apr 1928). The Hillsdale Zip Code is 07642.

General Information - A station on the New Jersey and New York Railroad. Includes Hillsdale Manor and Overbrook. 2.9 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,100; 1940-3,438; 1970-11,768; 1980-10,495; 1990-9,750.


HO-HO-KUS

A settlement within the Township of Hohokus (and later in Orvil Township), earlier spelled Hohokus or HoHokus (no hyphens). Incorporated as a borough October 12, 1908, replacing Orvil Borough. (The borough name Ho-Ho-Kus is hyphenated; the township name was not.) On May 28, 1974 a part of its area was transferred to Ridgewood Village.

In 1905, according to Sue Hudson, what later became the Borough of Ho-Ho-Kus had been created as the Borough of Orvil (although the name Hohokus was retained for the post office, and the name Undercliff was retained for the railroad station).

Earlier called Hoppertown, New Prospect, and Undercliff. At the time of the Revolution, the locality was within the larger area called Paramus. In July 1778, George Washington visited at "the Hermitage," then the home of Mrs. James Prevost (Theodosia), which is in present-day Ho-Ho-Kus, at 335 Franklin Turnpike near the border of Waldwick Borough. The site of Aaron Burr's wedding to Theodosia, and remodeled in Gothic Revival style in 1847, it is today a State Historic Site and is operated by The Friends of the Hermitage.

Hohokus Post Office. On 5 May 1858, the New Prospect Post Office's name was changed to Hohokus Post Office. Early Hohokus postmasters included Peter Van Emburgh (5 May 1858), Jacob H. Bamper (5 Oct 1860), Samuel A. McGregor (12 Oct 1861), John J. Zabriskie (11 Jan 1864), Garret J. B. Keiser (4 Sep 1876), James C. H. Sherwood (3 Nov 1910), Richard Ransom (21 May 1926, Matilda E. Andrick (19 Mar 1928), and Ada Hopler (1 July 1929). The Ho-Ho-Kus Zip Code is 07423.

General Information - In 1909, a station on the Erie Railroad. Includes Wearimus. 1.8 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-700; 1940-1,626; 1980-4,129; 1990-3,935.


LEONIA

Leonia became a Bergen County, N.J. borough organized December 6, 1894 (referendum December 5, 1894) from area taken from Ridgefield Township. In 1895 a part of its area was transferred to Teaneck Township. Includes or included Leonia Junction. Earlier called English Neighborhood.

Leonia Post Office - Leonia Post Office was established 30 June 1868 with Cornelius D. Schor as the first Postmaster. The Leonia Post Office was discontinued 31 Mar 1921 and on 1 April 1921 it became an Independent Branch of the Hackensack Post Office. Other early Leonia Postmasters included Philip P. Cluss (6 June 1889), William H. Eicks (10 March 1914), Millicent J. Eicks (27 June 1916), Grace B. Powers (3 July 1920) and John A. Culver (3 Jan 1921). The Leonia Branch Zip Code is 07605.

General Information - In 1909 a station on the Northern Railroad of New Jersey. Includes or included Leonia Junction. Earlier called English Neighborhood. 1.5 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,000; 1940-5,763; 1980-8,027; 1990-8,365.


LITTLE FERRY

Little Ferry became a Bergen County, N.J. borough organized by referendum September 18, 1894 and incorporated September 20, 1894 from area taken from Lodi and New Barbardoes Townships. In 1917 a part of its area was transferred to Teterboro Borough.

The name is derived from a horse drawn ferry which operated here about the time of the Revolution. A brick making industry was established here in 1872.
The Gethsemane Cemetery on the east side of Liberty Street and the north side of Route 46 in Little Ferry, was established in 1860 as a cemetery for African-Americans. It now is a county-owned historic site.

Little Ferry Post Office - The Little Ferry Post Office was established 3 April 1873 with James Pickens as the first Postmaster. It was discontinued 31 March 1902 and on 1 April 1902 it became an Independent Station of Hackensack Post Office. The Little Ferry Post Office was reestablished December 1908. Other early Little Ferry postmasters included J. Irving Pickens (appointed 22 June 1896), John Kaufman, Jr. (11 Aug 1896), Edward F. Tukey (13 Nov 1897), John Kaufman (9 June 1900), William Fehrs (6 Sep 1913, Frederick Knapp (30 Jan 1923) and Andrew Bauer (28 Feb 1928). The Little Ferry Zip Code is 07643.

General Information - 1.5 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-4,545; 1980-9,399; 1990-9,989.


LODI

Lodi Township was formed March 1, 1826 from area taken from New Barbadoes Township. In 1840 a part of its area was transferred to Harrison Township in Hudson County. In 1893 part of its area was transferred to Bergen Township. In 1902 Lodi Township reabsorbed Bergen Township.

During and after the 1894 "borough boom," parts of Lodi Township's area were transferred to Hasbrouck Heights Borough (August 2, 1894); Little Ferry Borough (September 20, 1894); Lodi Borough (December 22, 1894); New Barbadoes Township and Hackensack Commission (1896); Hasbrouck Heights Borough (1905); Moonachie Borough (1910); Teterboro Borough (1917 and March 4, 1919); and finally on November 15, 1935 its remaining area became South Hackensack Township. Lodi Township mail was handled by the Hackensck Post Office.

Earlier called Renniesville after the Rennie family, who were running a mill here before 1834. In 1882 the Township was a manufacturing center, with grist mills, saw mills, a bleaching and dyeing factory, and the Lodi Chemical Works.
Included a neighborhood called Colliconeck.

Lodi Borough, situated on the Saddle River, was incorporated December 22, 1894 (referendum December 21, 1894) as a Bergen County borough. In 1901 it acquired some area from Hasbrouck Heights Borough.

Lodi Post Office - Lodi was established as a Bergen County Post Office 10 April 1851 with William Greig as the first Postmaster. The Lodi Post Office was discontinued 28 Feb 1914 to be a branch of Hackensack Post Office (1 March 1914). The Lodi Post Office was reestablished at a later date. Other early Lodi Postmasters included David I. Ackerman (14 July 1853), William Greig (again) (30 Jan 1862), William Greig, Jr. (26 Apr 1876), Stephenson Massey (21 Mar 1879), George C. Mercer (1 Sep 1879), Hugh Riley (21 July 1893), James W. Mercer (20 July 1898), Andrew Mercer (21 Dec 1900). The Lodi Zip Code is 07644.

General Information - In 1909, Lodi was a station on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad. Lodi is approximately 2.2 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-4,500; 1940-11,552; 1970-25,213; 1980-23,956; 1990-22,355.


LYNDHURST

The area was first called New Barbadoes Neck by an early settler from Barbadoes. Included in New Barbadoes Township until 1825, and part of Lodi Township until 1840, when it was made a part of Hudson County. The area was returned to Bergen County when it was incorporated February 19, 1852 as the Bergen County, N.J. Township of Union.

The Township of Lyndhurst was incorporated May 15, 1917 (referendum May 8, 1917), replacing Union Township. It took the name Lyndhurst from a settlement here by that name, which was said to have been named in honor of Lord Lyndhurst, a frequent visitor. Another theory is that the name was derived from the town of Lyndhurst in England.

Includes or included sections called Kingsland, The Hill, The Hook, Pollack town and South Rutherford. McKee & Harrison, makers of baby carriages and velocipedes, ran a factory here in 1882.

Lyndhurst is a combination residential and industrial community. The former "salt marsh" comprises about 20% of the township and includes manufacturing plants and office complexes, plus a state environmental center and one of the largest landfills in the State of New Jersey.

The Little Red Schoolhouse, a one-room school built in 1893 is at Riverside and Fern Avenues.

Lyndhurst Post Office - The Lyndhurst Post Office was established 20 May 1882 with Edgar A. Roberts as the first Postmaster. It was discontinued 31 Aug 1902 and on 1 September 1902 it became Station No. 3 (Lyndhurst) of the Rutherford Post Office. In September 1913 it became the Lyndhurst Branch of the Rutherford Post Office, and in March 1931 it became an Independent Branch. Other early Lyndhurst Postmasters included Charles M. Sanders (appointed 27 Nov 1882), George E. Taylor (11 May 1893), James Stinson (8 Dec 1893), and Henry N. Stagmier (22 Dec 1898). Lyndhurst has a Zip Code of 07071 and is today a Branch of the Rutherford Post Office.

General Information - In 1909 Lyndhurst was a station on the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad. Lyndhurst Township is 4.72 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-400; 1940-17,454; 1970-22,279; 1980-20,326; 1990-18,262.


MAHWAH

Mahwah was an early Indian name for an area in the Ramapo Valley in Bergen County, N.J. Also called, very early, Ramapo or Ramapough, and Hopper's. Its locale was at the junction of several early transportation routes. The name Mahwah is an Indian word supposedly meaning "smiling fields" or "a meeting place," given to an Indian field in the vicinity. Other early spellings include Maaeway, Mawe, Maweway, Mawewi, etc. Early names for the area include Belle Grove, Hopper's, Hopperstown and Island Church. Includes or included Ackermans Mills, Airmont, Bear Swamp, Cragmere, Darlington, Halifax, Havemeyers Reservoir, Island Church, Masonicus, Mountainside Farm, Oweno, Pulis Mills, Ramapo Farm, Stag Hill, and Wanamakers Mills.

The area was incorporated as Hohokus Township February 5, 1849. Mahwah Township was incorporated November 15, 1944 (referendum November 7, 1944) replacing Hohokus Township.

The Ramapo Reformed Dutch/Lutheran Church was established here in 1750. Early industry in the area included the nickel works of the Hopkins & Dickinson Manufacturing Company located in the Darlington section, and the American Brake Shoe & Foundry Co., established here in the early 1900s, producers of railway brake shoes and man-hole covers.

Ramapo State College is located here on Ramapo Valley Road. The Old Station Museum at 1871 Old Station Lane is housed in Mahwah's first railroad station, built in 1871, now maintained and operated by the Mahwah Historical Society.

Mahwah Postal Service - Mahwah Post Office was established 7 Feb 1870 with Andrew Hagerman as the first Postmaster. The name of the Post Office was briefly changed 23 Jan 1884 to Oweno; it was changed back to Mahwah 18 Feb 1884. Other early postmasters included Garrett H. Van Horne (5 Dec 1877), Henry B. Hagerman (5 Jan 1881), John Petry (16 Aug 1893), Henry B. Hagerman (17 Apr 1897), and Walter D. Finch (19 Mar 1914). The Mahwah Zip Code is 07430.

General Information - In 1909 Mahwah was a station on the Erie Railroad. Population: 1909-500; 1970-10,800; 1980-12,127; 1990-17,905.


MAYWOOD

Maywood became a Bergen County, N.J. borough organized by referendum June 29, 1894, and incorporated June 30, 1894, from area taken from Midland Township. On August 6, 1940 it acquired area from Paramus Borough.

Maywood Post Office - Maywood Post Office was established 10 Dec 1872 with W. H. Brinkerhoff as the first Postmaster. The Maywood Post Office was discontinued 30 Apr 1902 and itbecame an Independent Station of Hackensack Post Office. The Maywood Post Office was reestablished 1 March 1912, and was again discontinued 31 May 1921, with its mail handled by Hackensack Post Office. The Maywood Post Office was once again reestablished at a later date. Other early Maywood postmasters included Isaac J. Brinkerhoff (appointed 9 Jan 1873), John H. Voorhis (7 May 1888), George M. Sipley (20 Sep 1897), Charles M. Berdan (19 Jan 1900), Susie Speight (1 Mar 1912), and Susie S. Smith (19 Aug 1916).
Maywood toay has a Zip Code of 07607 and is a Branch of the Hackensack Post Office.

General Information - In 1909 Maywood was a station on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad. Maywood is 1.3 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,000; 1940-4,052; 1970-11,087; 1980-9,895; 1990-9,473.


MIDLAND PARK

Midland Park was incorporated as a Bergen County, N.J. borough September 6, 1894 (referendum September 4, 1894) from land taken from Franklin and Ridgewood Townships. The borough was enlarged in April 1920, by annexing a part of the Township of Franklin. By referendum on June 9, 1931 Midland Park Borough acquired area from Wyckoff Township.

Earlier names for this locality include Lydecker's Mills, Van Riper's Mill, Newtown, and Godwinville. The New Jersey Western Railroad, later called the New Jersey Midland, began to run through this locality about 1871; Midland Park took its name from this rail line.

Midland Park Post Office - Midland Park Post Office was established 18 March 1873 with Albert G. Hopper as the first Postmaster. Other early Midland Park Postmasters included Lambert Snyder (appointed 17 Mar 1876), Charles W. Van Ness (19 Feb 1880), John H. Post (11 May 1889), George Reyonar (13 Sep 1893), Abram Hengeveld (26 Feb 1894), Robert H. Wortendyke (25 April 1895), John H. Post (30 Apr 1897), and Thomas Post (29 Oct 1914).

General Information - In 1909 Midland Park was a station on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad. Includes or included the Goffle and Wortendyke. 1.3 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-2,000; 1940-4,525; 1980-7,381; 1990-7,047.


MONTVALE

Montvale became a Bergen County, N.J. borough formed August 31, 1894 (referendum August 30, 1894) from area taken from Washington and Orvil Townships. On February 15, 1896 Montvale acquired part of Orvil Township. In 1906 it acquired some additional area from Orvil and Washington Townships, and in 1912 Montvale acquired some area from Upper Saddle River Borough. On May 20, 1959 part of Montvale's area was transferred to River Vale Township, and on December 9 and 14, 1965 parts were transferred to and from Upper Saddle River Borough. Includes or included the neighborhoods of Blue Hills, Chestnut Ridge and Upper Montvale.

Montvale Post Office - Montvale Post Office was established 5 Dec 1871 with James Demarest as the first Postmaster. Other early Montvale Postmasters include Garret F. Hering (appointed 6 Feb or 30 June 1882), John W. Allison (22 Mar 1901), Alfred M. Crotty (3 Oct 1901), Paul Pratt (28 Aug 1902), Alfred M. Crotty (14 June 1904), Henry Shearer (26 Jan 1905), John M. Onderdonk (7 Feb 1906), George K. Fleming (10 Feb 1914), Gustav H. Rottgardt (2 Feb 1915), Herman Kuhn (15 Nov 1921), Frederick C. Blossfield (1 Dec 1928), and Madge B. Vanderpoel (18 Oct 1930). The Montvale Zip Code is 07645.

General Information - A station on the New Jersey and New York Railroad. 4 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-900; 1940-1,342; 1980-7,318; 1990-6,946.


MOONACHIE

An area near Rutherford, Moonachie was organized as a Bergen County, N.J. borough April 11, 1910 (referendum May 3, 1910), formerly part of Lodi Township. In 1917 part of its area was transferred to Teterboro Borough.

At least two suggestions exist for the meaning of the Indian word: (1) from Monachie, the chief of a tribe of Indians who earlier lived in the region, and (2) from monachgen, meaning ground hog, or munhacke, meaning badger. Earlier known as Peach Island because peaches were grown here. Includes or included a neighborhood called Cedar Swamp. A hotel called the Half-Way House was located here; it marked the midpoint on the Paterson Plank Road from Paterson to Jersey City. Various early spellings include Munaghia.

Moonachie Postal Services - Mail for Moonachie was at one time handled by the Wood-Ridge and Little Ferry Post Offices. Mail for Moonachie today is handled by the Rutherford Post Office, through its Moonachie Branch, with a Zip Code of 07074.

General Information - 1.6 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-1,554; 1980-2,706; 1990-2,817.


NEW MILFORD

A community in old Hackensack Township and Palisades Township. Created as New Milford Borough 11 March 1922 (and verified by referendum 18 Apr 1922), replacing Palisades Township.

New Milford Post Office - A New Milford Post Office was established 27 Feb 1828 with James R. Demarest as its first Postmaster. This post office was discontiued 12 May 1829 (or 27 Feb 1832). On 8 March 1887 the Spring Valley Post Office was changed to New Milford Post Office, with John B. H. Voorhis as Postmaster. Other early New Milford Postmasters included Nicholas A. Terhune (21 Jan 1898), Edward V. Bird (23 Nov 1914), Nicholas A. Terhune (16 Feb 1920), and Margarethe Grund (3 Mar 1923).

General Information - New Milford includes or included the neighborhoods of New Bridge, Peetzburg, River Edge, Manor, and Roslyn Park. Note that there was also a section of Oradell Borough called "New Milford." 2.2 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-3,215; 1970-19,149; 1980-16,876; 1990-15,990.


NORTH ARLINGTON

A Bergen County, N.J. borough organized by referendum March 9, 1896 and incorporated March 11, 1896, from area taken from Union Township.
The Schuyler Copper Mines were discovered within the borders of what is now North Arlington.

North Arlington Post Office - The NOrth Arlington was established as Station No. 7 (Arlington) in Hudson County about 1919. It became North Arlington Station 15 August 1932 and ther North Arlington Branch in October 1936. The North Arlington Zip Code is 07031.

General Information - 2.5 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-9,904; 1970-18,096; 1980-16,587; 1990-13,790.


NORTHVALE

Northvale is a Bergen County, N.J. borough which was incorporated March 15, 1916 (referendum April 4, 1916), replacing Harrington Township. In 1923 part of its area was transferred to Rockleigh Borough.

Northvale Post Office - On 16 Nov 1887 the Neuvy Post Office was changed to Northvale. Early Northvale postmasters include Henry Campora (appointed 16 Nov 1887) and Alfred Verde (25 June 1920). The Northvale Zip Code is 07647.

General Information - Northvale is 1.3 sq. miles in area. In 1909 Northvale was a station on the Northern Railroad of New Jersey. Population: 1909-500; 1940-1,159; 1980-5,046; 1990-4,563.


NORWOOD

Norwood is a Bergen County, N.J. borough which was organized and incorporated on March 14, 1905 from area taken from Harrington Township.

Norwood Post Office - The Norwood Post Office was established 13 Jan 1868 with Peter Kline as the first Postmaster. Other early postmasters included David Naugle (28 Feb 1870), John J. Naugle (30 Apr 1872), N. Curtis White (10 Feb 1876), James B. Mandeville (12 Feb 1876), Tunis J. Harring (4 Sep 1878), William H. Cartland (23 Aug 1880), Margaret A. Cartland (25 May 1906), Demarest Van Blarcom (17 Nov 1911), Joseph E. Sloat (9 Dec 1912), Stephen A. Hering (19 Dec 1919), Emma J. Fogel (8 July 1921), William P. Lovett (16 Sep 1924), and Lillian B. Murberg (6 Feb 1926). Apparently the Norwood Post Office was briefly discontinued 9 Mar 1906, with its mail going to Northvale, but the order to discontinue was rescinded in May 1906 and the Norwood Post Office was back in business. The Norwood Zip Code is 07648.

General Information - A station on the Northern Railroad of New Jersey. 2.9 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-450; 1940-1,512; 1980-4,413; 1990-4,858.


OAKLAND

Oakland is a Bergen County, N.J. borough which was incorporated on April 8, 1902 from area taken from Franklin Township. Early names for this vicinity include Iapough (or Yaw-paw), an Indian name, the Ponds (the Panne), Scrub Oaks, and Bushville. For about four years during the Revolution, it was the county seat, after the British burned the courthouse and jail at Hackensack in 1780. The Ponds Dutch Reformed Church was established here about 1710.

Oakland Post Office - Oak Post Office was established 15 Jan 1872 with Jacob A. Terhune as the first Postmaster. Other early Oakland Postmasters included David C. Bush (appointed 7 Dec 1885), John J. Mowerson (11 June 1889), David C. Bush (1 Aig 1893), William C. Stout (21 July 1897), and David C. Bush (24 Sep 1914). The Oakland Zip Code is 07436.

General Information - A station on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad. 9.1 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-932; 1970-14,420; 1980-13,443; 1990-11,997.


OLD TAPPAN

Old Tappan is a Bergen County, N.J. borough incorporated October 18, 1894 (referendum October 16, 1894) from area taken from Harrington Township. On April 23, 1896 additional area was acquired from Harrington Township.

Mail for Old Tappan was at one time handled by the Westwood Post Office and the Tappan (Rockland County), NY Post Office. Old Tappan is today a Branch Post Office of The Westwood Post Office and they share the Zip Code 07675.

General Information - Old Tappan is 3.88 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-609; 1980-4,168; 1990-4,254.


ORADELL

This Bergen County, N.J. locality was incorporated as Delford Borough March 8, 1894; on November 12, 1920 (referendum November 2, 1920), the borough's name was changed to Oradell.

The name "Oradell" is said to signify "margin of a valley." A station on the New Jersey and New York Railroad (Erie System). There was a section of Oradell Borough called "New Milford." The locality was within the early areas called Kinderkamack and Steenrapie (Stony Arabia). Includes or included areas called the Flatts, The Manor, and Oradell Heights.

Oradell Postal Services - Oradell Post Office was established 11 June 1872 with Daniel I. Demarest as the first Postmaster. Other early Oradell Postmasters included Adolphus Landmann (appointed 4 May 1888), E. Blenckstone (31 Mar 1897), Daniel Demarest (19 Apr 1897), James Searle (29 June 1903), Edmund Maples (23 July 1909), Adolphus Lanmann (1 Sep 1913), William F. Landmann (1 May 1914), George F. Moore (18 May 1914), Joseph C. Keck (30 Apr 1928) , and Luther J. Higinson (1 Mar 1929). The Oradell Zip Code is 07649.

General Information - 2.7 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-800; 1940-2,802; 1980-8,658; 1990-8,024.


PALISADES PARK

Palisades Park is Bergen County, N.J. borough organized March 22, 1899 from area taken from Ridgefield Township. A portion of its area was annexed by Fort Lee Borough in April 1909. Includes or included Morsemere.

The amusement park by this name - Palisades Amusement Park, familiarly known as "Palisades Park" - was actually located in Cliffside Park, NJ.

Palisades Park Post Office - The Palisades Park Post Office was established 28 December 1889 with John Brinkerhoff as the first Postmaster. Other early Palisades Park Postmasters included Samuel S. Edsall (appointed 30 June 1892), John Backstrom (23 July 1894), William Lunstedt (11 Sep 1901), John J. Roche (18 May 1914), and Joseph R. Forrest (23 June 1922). The Palisades Park Zip Code is 07650.

General Information - A station on the Northern Railroad of New Jersey (Erie System). 1.3 sq. miles in area. Poplation: 1909-1,100; 1940-8,141; 1970-13,351; 1980-13,732; 1990-14,536.


PARAMUS

Paramus Precinct was a large undefined geographic area within the jurisdiction of the Paramus Reformed Dutch Church, which was established here in 1725. The name supposedly was derived from an Indian word "Parampseapus" or "Peremessing" meaning , perhaps,"where there is worthwhile (or fertile) land" or "place of wild turkeys." "Seapus" or "sipus" is said to mean water, so the name may mean "turkey river." The stream known today as the Saddle River was also called "Peramseapus." See various early spellings below, including "Pyramus.". Includes or included neighborhoods named Arcola, Bergen Place, Hamburgh, Red Mills, Spring Valley, and Zabriskie's Mill.

Paramus / Pyramus Post Office - A Bergen County Post Office named Paramus was established 28 Aug 1797, along with Hackensack, one of Bergen County's first post offices. Both Hackensack and Paramus probably shared as their first Postmaster Archibald Campbell. The Pyramus Post Office was established (or replaced "Paramus") 16 February 1839 with Edward B. Force as Postmaster, but was discontinued under that spelling 5 February 1840 (or 1846). Other early Paramus Postmasters included Abraham Oldis (13 Jan 1841), and Cornelius D. Taylor (6 July 1843).

Paramus was incorporated as a Bergen County, N.J. borough March 2, 1922 (referendum April 4, 1922), from Midland Township. On April 26, 1939 Paramus acquired some area from Emerson Borough. On August 6, 1940 Paramus treanferred area to Maywood Borough. On January 1, 1954 parts transferred to and from River Edge Borough.

The Paramus Historical and Preservation Society (and its Schoolhouse Museum) is located at 650 East Glen Ave., Ridgewood, NJ 07450. The Easton Tower County Historic Site is located at Red Mill Road, Route 4 and Saddle River Road, in Paramus. The Washington Spring Garden in Van Saun County Park at 216 Forest Avenue in Paramus, features the spring reported to have been used by the Continental Army and General George Washington in 1780.

Paramus Post Office - At one time, at least parts of Paramus had mail handled by the Ridgewood and Hackensack Post Offices. The Paramus Zip Code is 07652.

General Information - Paramus Borough is 11.8 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-3,688; 1970-28,381; 1980-26,474; 1990-25,067.


PARK RIDGE

This locality was earlier called Pascack. Park Ridge became a Bergen County, N.J. borough organized by referendum May 14, 1894 and incorporated May 15, 1894 from Washington Township. On July 15, 1929 Park Ridge acquired area from River Vale Township. On January 1, 1956 it exchanged portions with Woodcliff Lake Borough. On November 26, 1956 it exchanged parts to and from Washington Township. Park Ridge exchanged parts with Hillsdale Borough (April 1, 1958) and Woodcliff Lake Borough (Jujy 1, 1958). On September 1, 1958 Park Ridge acquired area from Washington Township.

John Campbell started a wampum factory here shortly after the Revolution. The Van Riper Bobbin Mill here burned in October 1875. A second bobbin mill was established here by Albert Wortendyke in November 1877. The Pascack Reformed Church was established here in 1812.

The Pascack Historical Society has its museum here, housed in a former Congregational Church built about 1873 at 19 Ridge Road (it features the world's only wampum drilling machine). The Wortendyke Barn, at 13 Pascack Road, is a county-owned mid-18th centrury Dutch-American barn now housing a collection of early farm equipment. The Park Ridge Railroad Station, at 37 Colony Avenue, built in 1871 is now restored and used as a museum and civic center.

Park Ridge Postal Service - The Park Ridge Post Office (sometimes written Parkridge Post Office) was established 18 July 1870 with John A. Blauvelt as the first Postmaster. Other early Park Ridge Postmasters included Lionel M. Warner (27 Oct 1879), Theodore G. Volger (18 Jan 1895), James H. Weild (26 Apr 1897), Mary D. Weild (28 Jan 1901), George C. Reed (28 Feb 1902), Erving Van Houten (3 Mar 1911), Alexander H. Sibbald (4 Feb 1915), and George C. Reed (31 Aug 1922). The Park Ridge Zip Code is 07656.

General Information - A station on the New York and New Jersey Railroad (Erie System). 2.3 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,300; 1940-2,519; 1980-8,515; 1990-8,102.


RAMSEY

The community was called "Ramsey's" after the railroad station here, which itself was named after Peter J. Ramsey, an early landowner in the area. This area was also known, earlier, as New Success, and Mount Prospect.

John Y. Dater established a carriage factory here in 1857, which was later run by M. B. DeYoe. Harrison Bull estabished a carriage factory here in 1867. John Y. Dater began the publication of The Ramsey Journal in 1892, a weekly newspaper supplying local news, which continued publication until the latter half of the 20th century.

Ramsey was incorporated as a Bergen County, N.J. borough March 10, 1908. In 1921 Ramsey acquired area from Waldwick Borough. In 1925 Ramsey set off area to Saddle River Borough.

Ramsey's Old Stone House Museum was restored by and is managed by the Ramsey Historical Association.

Ramsey Post Office - Ramsey's Post Office was established 9 Feb 1855 with Albert G. Lydecker as the first Postmaster. The name was changed to Ramsey 12 Aug 1889. Other early Ramsey Postmasters included John Y. Dater (2 Aug 1856), Jacob Valentine (22 Nov 1862), William J. Pulis (22 Jan 1864), George I. Ryerson (22 Jan 1868), William J. Pulis (2 July 1869), Albert W. Conklin (12 Aug 1889), Henry J. Ryerson (18 Apr 1893), William H. Pulis (10 June 1897), Henry Bell (6 Apr 1914), Franklin Davies (9 Jan 1922), and Henry R. Parvin (5 Aug 1922). Ramsey's Zip Code is 07446.

General Information - A station on the main line of the Erie Railroad (and later, operated as Conrail and New Jersey Transit). 5.9 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,600; 1940-3,566; 1970-12,571; 1980-12,899; 1990-13,228.


RIDGEFIELD

This area was known, earlier, as English Neighborhood. The English Neighborhood Dutch Reformed Church (organized July 1, 1770) was taken down and a new church (probably incorporating stones from the first building) built here in 1793, on a plot of land purchased from Cornelius Vreeland. Ridgefield included the settlements or neighborhoods of Coytesville, Fenwick, Little Ferry, Ridgefield Park, Shady Side, Taylorsville,and Walton.

Ridgefield Township was created a Bergen County, N.J. Township on March 22, 1871 from area taken from Hackensack Township. On May 26, 1892 part of its area went to Ridgefield Borough. On June 15 1892 part went to Ridgefield Park Borough within Ridgefield Township. Over the next few years, parts of Ridgefield Township were transferred to Bogota Borough (November 17, 1894); Leonia Borough (December 6, 1894); Undercliff Borough (December 7, 1894); Fairview Borough (December 19, 1894); Cliffside Park Borough (January 16, 1895); Teaneck Township (1895); Overpeck Township (1897); Englewood City (1899); and Palisades Park Borough (1899). On March 29, 1904 Ridgefield Township became Fort Lee Borough.

Ridgefield Borough was organized and incorporated on May 26, 1892 from area taken from Ridgefield Township.

Ridgefield Post Office -- Ridgefield Post Office was established 24 February 1875 with Charles H. Lozier as the first Postmaster. Other early Ridgefield Postmasters included William B. Christie (appointed 25 May 1877), William G. Christie (8 June 1877), John Brinkerhoff (21 Mar 1879), John B. Christie (11 Apr 1888), William B. Pugh (16 June 1891), Marion A. Lemm (5 Feb 1897), Elliott Underwood (23 Jan 1900), Henry L. Rowe (22 Mar 1907), George H. S. Rowe (16 Dec 1907), James L. Ackerman (27 July 1914), Eleanor A. Cade (8 Sep 1915), James J. Conor (16 Dec 1915), and Arthur F. Jahn (1 Feb 1924).

General Information -- Ridgefield Borough is 2.7 sq. miles in area. A station on the Northern Railroad of New Jersey (Erie System). Population: 1909-800; 1940-5,271; 1970-11,308; 1980-10,294; 1990-9,996.


RIDGEFIELD PARK

Ridgefield Park was formed as a village June 15, 1892 (referendum June 6, 1892) within Ridgefield Township. In 1897 Overpeck Township was formed coextensive from Ridgefield Township District Board of Education. On May 3, 1921 Ridgefield Park Village acquired area from Bogota Borough and Teaneck Township. On June 1, 1926 Ridgefield Park Village acquired additional area from Teaneck Township. Includes Westview.

Ridgefield Park Township was incorporated May 31, 1938 as a Bergen County, N.J. township, replacing Overpeck Township. No longer in existence.
In 1641 the Achter Col colony, little more than a trading post, was established here; it was burned to the ground by Indians in 1643.

Ridgefield Park Post Office - The Ridgefield Park Post Office was established 18 February 1887 with Edward S. Carr as the first Postmaster. Other early Ridgefield Park Postmasters included Conrad W. Mergler (appointed 30 Nov 1889), Edward Schwind (4 Nov 1893), George W. Lowe (23 July 1897 or1899), Frank E. Smith (1 Sep 1921), William O. Maschle (15 Jan 1924), and Hilding W. Hammarlund (31 July 1928). The Ridgefield Park Post Office was discontinued 31 Jan 1902, and on 1 February 1902 it became a Station of the Hackensack Post Office. The Ridgefield Park Post Office was re-established 1 September 1921.

General Information - Stations on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad and the West Shore Railroad. 2 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-5,500; 1940-11,277; 1970-13,390; 1980-12,738; 1990-12,454.


RIDGEWOOD

Ridgewood Township was created March 30, 1876 from area taken from Franklin Township. On September 6, 1894 part of its area went to Midland Park Borough and on September 14, 1894 part went to Glen Rockl Borough. On November 20, 1894 Ridgewood Township's municipal government was replaced by Ridgewood Village.

All or part of its area was earlier known as Godwinville (on the west) and Paramus (on the east). Included Ridgewood Park. About 1860 residents began to campaign for the adoption of the name "Ridgewood" for the community; the name was adopted about 1866 by the Erie Railway Co. Earlier names for the locality included Paramus Flats and Godwinville.

The Village of Ridgewood was incorporated November 20, 1894, replacing the municipal government of Ridgewood Township. The Township continued coextensive as a district for the Board of Education. In 1902 Ridgewood Village (and Ridgewood Township) acquired area from Orvil Township. In 1915 area was transferred to Orvil Township. In 1925, Ridgewood Village acquired area from Franklin Township. On February 9, 1971 Ridgewood Village acquired area from Washington Township. On May 28, 1974 it acquired area from Ho-Ho-Kus Borough.

Ridgewood Post Office - Ridgewood Post Office was established 30 March 1865 with Benjamin F. Robinson as the first Postmaster. It was discontinued 25 Aug 1866 and reestablished 19 July 1867. Other early Ridgewood Postmasters include Garret G. Van Dien (19 July 1867), Rachel B. Van Dien (17 Nov 1884), John T. Couse (14 Dec 1885), Adolph Huttemeyer (29 Apr 1889), John F. Cruse (29 Sep 1893), Roger M. Bridgman (1 Oct 1897), George M. Ockford (24 Feb 1914), Frank M. Stevens (28 Jan 1920), Charles R. Stoneall (26 June 1922), Richard T. Wilson (10 Mar 1931).

General Information - In 1909 Ridgewood was a station on the Erie Railroad (main line). 5.9 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-5,000; 1940-14,948; 1970-27,547; 1980-25,208; 1990-24,152.


RIVER EDGE

River Edge was incorporated as a Bergen County, N.J. borough under the name of "Riverside" July 18, 1894. Because of mail confusion with Riverside in Hunterdon County, NJ, the name of the Bergen County borough was changed to River Edge on December 1, 1930. On January 1, 1954 River Edge Borough exchanged parts with Paramus Borough. On November 1, 1961 parts were transferred to and from Hackensack City.

Early names for the area were Demarest's Landing and Old Bridge. Includes or included sections called Cherry Hill, New Bridge Landing, North Hackensack, Clarendon Hills, and Steenrapie. PreRevolutionary mills were operated here by Ackermans and Zabriskies. Flour ground at the mills and pig and bar iron from the Ramapo Mountains was shipped by river sloops to New York City. In November 1776 Washington led a garrison of soldiers from Fort Lee across the wooden "new bridge" spanning the Hackensack River here, fleeing the attack of British and Hessian troops.

On July 18, 1895 a tornado ripped through the Cherry Hill section.

A residential community, River Edge is the home of the Bergen County Historical Society, whose headquarters are at New Bridge Landing Historic Park. This park boasts several buildings on the National Register of Historical Places, including the Steuben House (part built about 1713), the two-room 1679 Demarest House, and the Campbell-Christie House (moved to this site from New Milford in 1977).

River Edge Post Office - River Edge Post Office (sometimes written Riveredge Post Office) was established 18 July 1870 with Peter V. B. Demarest as the first Postmaster. Other early River Edge postmasters included Albert L. Bogert (25 March 1890), William S. Brown (10 July 1907), Edmund A. Kenny (26 Jan 1911), and Elsie Brown (24 Nov 1923).

General Information - A station on the New York and New Jersey Railroad (Erie System). 1.89 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-500; 1940-3,287; 1970-12,850; 1980-11,111; 1990-10,603.


RIVER VALE

River Vale became a Bergen County, N.J. township incorporated April 30, 1906 (12 June 1906 was the date New Jersey Gov. Edward C. Stokes signed the law creating the Township of River Vale) from area taken from the townships of Hillsdale and Washington. On July 15, 1929 part of its area was transferred to Park Ridge Borough. On May 20, 1959 River Vale Township acquired area from Montvale Borough.

Also found written Rivervale; River Vale (two words, each capitalized) is the official spelling of the township name; the accepted title of the road running through the community is Rivervale Road (one word). Before 1841 the area was part of Harrington Township.

The Baylor Massacre occurred here on September 27 & 28, 1778, when the Third Continental Dragoons, under the command of Col. George Baylor, were surprised in a night attack by Brisitish forces. Remains of five of the Dragoons were discovered in 1967 and the site was dedicated as a county park, Baylor Park.
River Vale included the neighborhood of Eastwood (1894), which became a borough, but is now no longer in existence.

Includes the area west of the Hackensack River along Rivervale Road earlier known as "the Overkill Neighborhood" (over the kill from Tappan), later called simply Over Kill. At least part of the area now included in River Vale was known, about the mid 1800s, as Washington Ville. Many of the buildings on the grounds of the Edgewood Country Club were part of the mansion and grounds of Julius Kessler, who made his fortune importing whisky from Ireland around the turn of the century.

Earlier an agricultural community, after WWII River Vale was developed into a residential community. The warehouse located across from the intersection of Rivervale Road and Prospect Avenue was constructed in 1940 as an ice arena and was home of a semi-professional ice hockey team, the Jersey Skeeters.
The Baylor Massacre Burial Site, a county-owned park on Red Oak Drive at River Vale and Old Tappan Roads in River Vale, marks the burial site of Continental Dragoons slain and buried here in tanning vats in September 1778, during the Revolutionary War.

River Vale Postal Service - River Vale Post Office (sometimes written Rivervale Post Office) was extablished 12 June 1871, replacing the former Greenwood Post Office. Early River Vale postmasters included Isaac Onderdonk (appointed 12 June 1871), William F. Kent (15 Oct 1872), Robert A. Drake (4 June 1886), and Jacob Z. Bogert (12 Dec 1891). The River Vale Post Office was discontinued 14 Jan 1902 (or 31 January 1902) with its mail to be handled R.F.D. (Rural Free Delivery) by Westwood Post Office. The River Vale Post Office was later reestablished.

General Information - 4.4 sq. miles or 2,660 acres in area. Population: 1909-415; 1940-1,112; 1950-1,600; 1980-9,489; 1990-9,410.


ROCHELLE PARK

By 1871 what would become Rochelle Park was Road District Number 16 of Midland Township. In 1922 Paramus separated from Midland Township and by referendum on November 5, 1929, to avoid confusion with another Bergen County community, Midland Park, Midland Township was officially renamed the Township of Rochelle Park. The name Rochelle Park had unofficially been used for the community since 1870 when the railroad named the depot here "Rochelle Park Station."

From 1927 until 1931 Trautwein's Airport was located here. The Arcola Pool opened here on May 30, 1929. A station on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad (earlier called Midland Railroad, after which Midland Township was named).

Rochelle Park Post Office - Earlier Rochelle Station Post Office, the Rochelle Park Post Office was a Bergen County Post Office by 1873. It was discontinued 30 Sep 1880, and reestablished 21 Feb 1881. Another Bergen County Post Office, Arcola, was discontinued and changed (or added) to Rochelle Park 13 Mar 1888. Early Rochelle Park postmasters included Martin O. Ramsey (appointed 28 Mar 1873), William J. Sprigg (16 Aug 1878), Peter H. Ackerman (21 Oct 1881), Daniel S. MacMullen (7 Dec 1885), Henry Schnakenberg (22 Jan 1915), Ralph D. Childs (14 Dec 1922), Josephine Michel (29 Nov 1926), and Charles Roeltgen (1 Mar 1927).

General Information - A residential community, Rochelle Park Township is 1.4 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-500; 1922-about 1,000; 1940-2,511; 1960-6,119; 1980-5,603; 1990-5,587.


ROCKLEIGH

A Bergen County, N.J. borough incorporated March 13, 1923 (referendum April 10, 1923) from a part of the Borough of Northvale. Rockleigh's area was at one time part of Harrington Township. Formerly called East Northvale. Included the locality of Skunk Hollow.

Rockleigh Postal Service - Rockleigh's mail was earlier handled by the Northvale and Westwood Post Offices. Today, Rockleigh is a Branch of the Northvale Post Office and they share a Zip Code of 07647.

General Information - 1 sq. mile in area. Population: 1940-79; 1980-192; 1990-270.


RUTHERFORD

Organized as a Bergen County, N.J. borough September 21, 1881 from Union Township and enlarged June 10, 1890 by acquiring additional area from Union Township. Rutherford was Bergen County's first borough. The name was given in honor of a resident, John Rutherfurd, who in 1808 established an estate here named Edgerston Manor (after the family ancestral home in Scotland) and who had been elected to the U.S. Senate in 1791.

By 1680, the area was part of two huge land patents, one granted to Major Nathaniel Kingsland and the other to Capt. John Berry. Because these men were from the Island of Barbadoes, the area was named New Barbadoes and New Barbadoes Neck (modern Union Avenue marks the approximate dividing line of these two patents).

In 1857 Floyd Tomkins, a land developer, purchased 100 acres of farmland for building purposes, marking the beginning of modern Rutherford. A Rutherford mansion, Iviswold Castle (now the main building of Fairleigh Dickinson University), copied after a medieval French chateau, was so authentic that several early movies were filmed there, including "The Three Musketeers," "Mark of Zorro," and "Count of Monte Cristo."

The Rutherford area was earlier called Boiling Springs, Sanford's Spring, North Belleville and Rutherfurd Park.

Rutherford Postal Service - Established 10 July 1867 the Post Office name here was at first Rutherfurd Park; a misspelling changed the form to Rutherford Park; and on 14 February 1876 the word "Park" was dropped from the name. The first Postmaster was Richard H. Barrows, and other early Rutherford Postmasters included James Raymond Collerd (appointed 14 Feb 1876), William H. Stevens, Jr. (16 May 1881), Jacob G. Van Riper (13 May 1885), Charles Burrows (18 June 1889), Garrabrant R. Alyea (24 Jan 1894), Charles Burrows (1 Feb 1898), William H. Mac Kay (28 Feb 1907), T. M. Buckles (19 Aug 1911), S. Dana Ely (10 Jan 1916), Reid Howell (31 May 1922), and Remington E. Rose (10 Mar 1931). Rutherford's Zip Code is 07070.

General Information - A station on the Erie Railroad main line (now Conrail). 2.6 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-7,000; 1940-15,466; 1970-20,802; 1980- 19,068; 1990-17,790.


SADDLE BROOK

A Township in Bergen County, N.J. incorporated November 8, 1955 replacing Saddle River Township.

The first ordinance passed by the Township Committee of the Township of Saddle River was dated April 10, 1895 (it provided for tax rebates for owners of wagons and carts).

Saddle Brook Postal Services - The Saddle Brook Zip Code is 07663.

General Information - Saddle Brook is approximately 2.69 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-3,169; 1970-15,098; 1980-14.084; 1988-13,726; 1990-13,296.


SADDLE RIVER

Saddle River -- the river -- itself had several Indian names: Peramseapus, Rerakanes, Wieremus, Warepeake, Wawpack Run, Tackamack. As early as 1682 it was known as "Saddle River," believed to have been named by two Scotsmen, Capt. Matthew Nicoll and Richard Stillwell, after "Sadle Burn" in Argyllshire, Scotland. At a location within the bounds of present-day Upper Saddle River Borough, the Saddle River splits into the West Fork and the Tackamack. The Tackamack further north in Upper Saddle River Borough splits into the Middle Fork and Pine Brook or East Fork (Oost Val). The West Fork portion was earlier called Mactoktemach (1774), Machecamach (1781) and Machomack Brook (1787).

Saddle River Township was an area of Bergen County including part of what later became Passaic County. There seem to be conflicting dates given for this township. It was called a "Precinct" before 1737. Snyder records that it was mentioned on March 20, 1716 in the Bergen Co. Freeholder's minutes. One source states that in 1737 it was created Saddle River Township, from area taken from New Barbadoes Township. In 1771 or 1772 part of its territory was set off to form Franklin Township. In 1797 part of its area went to Pompton Township. On February 21, 1798 Saddle River Township was incorporated. A large part of the area of Saddle River Township became part of Passaic County when that county was formed by Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 7, 1837 and in 1837 part of its area went to Manchester Township in Passaic County.

On September 14, 1894 part of its area was set off to Glen Rock Borough. On December 22, 1894, part of its area was transferred to Lodi Borough. On January 2, 1895, some of its area went to Wallington Borough. In 1896 part was set off to Garfield Borough; in 1916 and 1917 parts went to East Paterson Borough. In 1924 part went to Fair Lawn Borough. On November 8, 1955 Saddle River Township became Saddle Brook Township.
The neighborhood east of Allendale was called Saddle River long before it was officially set aside as a borough. This "Saddle River" was geographically separate from Saddle River Township.

The Saddle River Reformed Dutch Church was organized here as early as 1784. The community was organized as the Borough of Saddle River by referendum November19, 1894 and incorporated November 22, 1894 from area taken from Orvil Township. On March 1 and May 1 of 1895, and also at a later date (possibly 1897?), and in 1903 and 1910 additional area was transferred from Orvil Township. In 1925 parts were transferred from Waldwick and Ramsey Boroughs.

Saddle River Postal Services - The Saddle River Post Office was established 11 March 1852, with Henry Esler as the first Postmaster. Other early Saddle River Postmasters included John G. Esler (25 Nov 1884), Garret H. Winters (18 Sep 1885), John N. Leamon (7 Aug 1888), William F. Barkham (25 Sep 1889), Francis H. Storms (18 Apr 1893), and John G. De Baun (19 Apr 1897). The Saddle River Zip Code is 07458.

General Information - Saddle River Borough is 4.9 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,000; 1940-816; 1980-2,763; 1990-2,950.


SOUTH HACKENSACK

An area in Bergen County, N.J. incorporated as South Hackensack Township November 15, 1935 (referendum November 5, 12935) replacing Lodi Township.

General Information - South Hackensack Township is .5 sq. mile in area. Population: 1940-1,241; 1980-2,229; 1990-2,106.


TEANECK

Created a Bergen County, N.J. township February 19, 1895 from area taken from Englewood and Ridgefield Townships and Bogota and Leonia Boroughs On May 3, 1921 and on June 1, 1926 parts of its area were transferred to Overpeck Township.
The name Teaneck is of uncertain origin, probably of Dutch origin, with possible Indian influence. The Dutch "Tiene Neck" probably meant "neck where there are willows" (from the Dutch "tene" meaning willow; see also Tenafly).

Earlier called New Hackensack. Teaneck includes or included Glenwood Park, Glenpointe, Nordhoff, Phelps Manor (and Phelps Manor Estates), Roemer Woods, The Strand, and West Englewood.

Bergen County Historical Society historic site markers within Teaneck commemmorate a 1780 Revolutionary War encampment (Teaneck Rd. & Cedar Lane); the Brinkerhoff-Demarest House, built c. 1735 (at 493 Teaneck Rd.; one of the township's seven historic sandstone houses); and the Lutheran Church site and cemetery, c. 1716 (River Rd. & Maitland St.; associated with the Van Buskirk family). The most famous resident and largest landholder was Hon. William Walter Phelps, lawyer, U.S. Congressman, Ambassador to Germany, and Judge. His huge house, known as "The Grange" stood on the site of today's municipal complex.

One of the three campuses of Fairleigh Dickinson University (largest private university in New Jersey) is at Teaneck.

Teaneck Postal Service - The Teaneck Post Office was establiahed as an Independent Branch of the Hackensack Post Office 1 March 1928. Teaneck became a regular Post Office 1 July 1936, with James J. Allen as Postmaster. The Teaneck Zip Code is 07666.

Click on the following for the Teaneck Library Website.

General Information - Teaneck Township is 5.9 sq. miles in area. Primarily residential. Population: 1895-1,895; 1900-768; 1910-2,082; 1920-4,192; 1940-25,275; 1970-42,355; 1980-39,007; 1990-37,825 (Teaneck is the most populous town in Bergen County).


TENAFLY

Incorporated as a Bergen County, N.J. borough January 24, 1894 (referendum January 23, 1894) from area taken from Palisades Township. In 1897 it acquired additional area from Palisades Township. On December 31, 1970 parts were exchanged with Cresskill Borough.

The name is from the Dutch "t'eene vallei (or vlij)," meaning "at a meadow" or "willow meadows" (from the Dutch "tene," meaning "willow" and Dutch fly/vly/vley meaning meadow or swamp). Included Mount Clinton.

Tenafly Postal Service - In 1861 the locality was served by the North Englewood post office; on 13 June 1865 the name was changed to Tenafly Post Office. Early Tenafly postmasters included Garret Huyler (appointed 13 June 1865), Joseph W. Craig (16 Nov 1874), William G. Jellison (11 May 1889), Alfred Jarvis (18 Apr 1893), John H. DeMott (11 Feb 1901), Alexander B. Roberts (10 Feb 1905), and William F. Bodecker (24 Feb 1914). The Tenafly Zip Code is 07670.

General Information - A station on The Northern Railroad of New Jersey (later Erie System). Teanick is about 4.6 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-2,450; 1940-7,413; 1970-14,827; 1980-13,552; 1990-13,326.


TETERBORO

Incorporated as a Bergen County, N.J. borough on March 26, 1917 from land taken from the boroughs of Moonachie and Little Ferry and the township of Lodi. The borough was enlarged in 1918 by the addition of area annexed from Hasbrouck Heights Borough. On March 4, 1919 it acquired area from Lodi Township. The name Teterboro was changed in 1937 to Bendix Borough, and changed back to Teterboro Borough on June 1, 1943 (referendum June 1, 1943).

About 1920 the Wittemann-Lewis Aircraft Company was established here. The Teterboro Airport is located here today. The Aviation Hall of Fame and Museum of New Jersey is located at the Teterboro Airport.

General Information - Population: 1980-19; 1990-22.


UPPER SADDLE RIVER

Bergen County, N.J. borough formed November 22, 1894 (referendum November 20, 1894) from area taken from Orvil and Hohokus Townships. On May 18 and 20, 1895 additional area was acquired from Orvil and Hohokus Townships. In 1912 some of its area transferred to Montvale Borough. On December 9 and 14, 1965 parts were transferred to and from Montvale Borough.

The Saddle River Reformed Dutch Church was established here in 1784 and the existing old stone church building was erected here in 1819. Upper Saddle River includes or included sections called Africa, DeBauntown, Duffys Mills, Hidden Glen, Hoppers Mills, Mexico, Posts Mills, Sparrowbush.

The Upper Saddle River Historical Society operates the Hopper-Goetschius House Museum and the Tice Barn on Lake Street in Upper Saddle River.

Upper Saddle River Postal Service - At one time, mail for Upper Saddle River was handled by the Allendale Post Office. Today, Upper Saddle River mail is handled by Saddle River Post Office, with a Zip Code of 07458.

General Information - Upper Saddle River Borough is 5.03 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-510; 1980-7,958; 1990-7,198.


WALDWICK

Waldwick was incorporated as a Bergen County, N.J. borough April 7, 1919 replacing Orvil Township. In 1921 part of its area was transferred to Ramsey Borough. In 1925 part went to Saddle River Borough.

The name, meaning "a light in the wood" is from the name ("Waldwick Cottage") given to the home of Elijah Rosencrantz II, which is today more commonly known as "the Hermitage" in Ho-Ho-Kus near the Waldwick border. The Waldwick locality was known earlier as New Prospect and The Hookie (Dutch, meaning "Little Corner"). The New Prospect Methodist Church was established here by 1797. Early industries in the community included the Rosencrantz cotton mill, founded by John Rosencrantz after he moved to the area in 1787, and the John White paper mill, established in 1837.

Waldwick Postal Service - The Waldwick Post Office was established here on 1 April 1890 with Henry L. Hopper as the first Postmaster. Other early Waldwick postmasters included George Oughton (appointed 29 July 1892), George E. Tonkin (25 April 1900), William H. Shuart (18 June 1904), Francis L. Peterson (9 Nov 1906), William A. Cullen (8 Jan 1921), Peter Meyer (10 May 1927), and George Schultz (31 May 1927). The Waldwick Zip Code is 07463.

General Information - Waldwick station on the main line of the Erie Railroad (later ConRail and New Jersey Transit). 2.4 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-2,475; 1970-12,313; 1980-10,802; 1990-9,757.


WALLINGTON

A Bergen County, N.J. borough situated on the Passaic River, formed January 2, 1895 (referendum December 31, 1894) from area taken from Bergen and Saddle River Townships. Part of its area was set off to Garfield Borough in 1898.

Wallington Postal Service - Wallington was established as Sub-Station No. 1 of the Rutherford Post Office in August 1900. The name Wallington was dropped about 1907. It was changed to Station No. 12 of the Passaic Post Office (Passaic County, NJ) in October 1912, and became the Wallington Branch of the Passaic Post Office in April 1929. The Wallington Zip Code is 07057.

General Information - Wallington Borough is 2.4 sq. miles in area. Population: 1940-8,981; 1970-10,284; 1980-10,741; 1990-10,828.


WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP

A Bergen County, N.J. township created April 13, (January 30?) 1840 from Harrington Township. On April 8, 1844 its area was returned to Harrington Township. Also in 1844, it acquired area from Franklin Township. On April 14, 1845 Washington Township was re-formed from Harrington Township and part from Franklin Township returned. In 1852 it acquired area from Hohokus Township. Throughout the last half of the 19th century parts of Washington Township transferred to Midland Township (1874); Orvil Township (1886); Westwood Borough (May 9, 1894); Park Ridge Borough (May 15, 1894); Eastwood Borough (June 6, 1894); Montvale Borough and Woodcliff Borough (August 31, 1894); Delford Borough (February 1, 1895 and April 23, 1897); and Hillsdale Township (1898). On September 10, 1895 another part went to Woodcliff Borough. On March 27, 1896 part of its area that had gone to Eastwood Borough was restored. In 1903, part went to Etna Borough; in 1904 part to Harrington Park Borough; in 1906 part to River Vale Township; and in 1906 part to Monvale Borough. On November 26 1956 parts were transferred to and from Park Ridge Borough. On September 1, 1958, another part of Washington Township was transferred to Park Ridge Borough. On April 1, 1959 parts were transferred to and from Hillsdale Borough. On April 30, 1965 parts were transferred to and from Westwood Borough. On February 9, 1971 part went to Ridgewood Village. In 1974 parts transferred to and from Hillsdale Borough (approved by Washington Township November 5, 1974).

The area of Washington Township was once much larger than it is today, and it encompassed the neighborhoods of Chestnut Ridge and Saddle River Valley. Washington Township includes or included Schlegel Lake, Eastwood, Overkill, Pascack, Kent town, Wearimus, Dunktown.

The four Beuerlein brothers, Joseph, Charles, Peter and Bill, started growing flowers on Pascack Road in 1918. They had 14 greenhouses on 55 acres and raised over 300,000 flowers each year. The Pines Lake Inn at Pascack Road and Ridgewood Ave. was originally a house on 100 acres. The historic home now called Seven Chimneys was built between 1745 and 1750 by Nicholas Zabriskie, grandson of Albert Zabnriskie who came to America in 1662.

Washington Township Postal Service - Mail for Washington Township was handled by the Westwood Post Office and mail for the northern section was handled by the Park Ridge Post Office. Today, Washington Township mail is handled by Westwood, with a Zip Code of 07675.

General Information - Washington Township is about 3.1 sq. miles in area (in 1940). Residential; population: 1920-300; 1940-491; 1970-10,577; 1980-9,550; 1990-9,245.


WESTWOOD

Westwood became a Bergen County, N.J. borough organized May 8, incorporated May 9, 1894 (referendum May 8, 1894), from area taken from Washington Township. In April 1909, the borough's area was enlarged by the addition of a portion of Emerson known as the Old Hook section. On September 24, 1957 Westwood Borough exchanged portions with Emerson Borough. On April 30, 1965, parts transferred to and from Washington Township.

Bogert's Mill was operating here at the time of the Revolution. Earlier included part of Pleasantville (Pleasantville later became part of Washington Township). Includes or included Bogert's Pond and possibly an area named Leslie (Leslie Post Office existed briefly from about 1900 to 29 May 1903 when it was discontinued and its mail henceforth handled by Westwood Post Office). Westwood's slogan is "the Hub of Pascack Valley."

Westwood Post Office - A post office by this name existed by 1870. The post office name earlier had been Pleasantville. Early Westwood postmasters included Isaac D. Bogert (10 Mar 1870), Abram C. Holdrum (14 Dec 1892), Thomas E. Brickell (30 Sep 1893), James M. Bogert (2 Oct 1897), Frank M. O'Shea (9 Jan 1908), Warren H. Stagg (27 June 1916), John H. Stegmann (30 Jan 1922), and Mary MacGregor Smith (18 July 1929). The Westwood Zip Code is 07675.

General Information - A station on the New Jersey and New York Railroad (Erie System; now Conrail and Pascack Valley Rail line). Westwood is largely residential, with some light manufacturing. 2.4 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,800; 1940-5,388; 1970-11,105; 1980-10,714; 1990-10,446.


WOODCLIFF LAKE

Woodcliff Lake is a Bergen County, N.J. borough formed March 1, 1910 replacing Woodcliff Borough. On January 1, 1956 and again on July 1, 1958 Woodcliff Lake Borough exchanged portions with Park Ridge Borough. On October 13, 1960 parts were transferred to and from Hillsdale Borough.

The area had earlier been called Pascack, from the name given the depot here on the Hackensack Extension Railway. After the Hackensack Water Company built the vast lake here, the word "Lake" was added to the name of the borough, and it became Woodcliff Lake.

Woodcliff Lake Postal Service - The Woodcliff Lake Post Office was created 19 April 1907 from the discontinued Woodcliff Post Office. An early Woodcliff Lake postmaster was John H. Ackerman (appointed 19 Apr 1907). Woopdcliff Lake is today a Branch of the Westwood Post Office and shares with it the Zip Code of 07675.

General Information - In 1909 a station on the New Jersey and New York Railroad (Erie System). Woodcliff Lake Borough is about 3.8 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-500; 1940-1,037; 1980-5,644; 1990-5,303.


WOOD-RIDGE

Not to be confused with the geographically separate and different, but similarly-named, Woodbridge, in Middlesex County, N.J.

Earlier written Woodridge, the name was hyphenated circa 1920s-1930s to distinguish it from Woodbridge. The area was earlier known as Polifly.
Wood-Ridge became a Bergen County, N.J. borough formed December 6, 1894 (referendum December 5, 1894) from area taken from Bergen Township. On April 2, 1897 Wood-Ridge Borough acquired additional area from Bergen Township.
The railroad station here was built about 1870. Wood-Ridge included or includes areas called Hexenbuckl, Siberia and Sunshine City (developed 1927-1929, Marlboro Road through south side of Lincoln Avenue).

The Wood-Ridge Memorial Library is the former Brinkerhoff homestead, with a cornerstone date of 1792.

Wood Ridge Postal Service - The Wood Ridge Post Office (sometimes written Woodridge Post Office) was established 15 Aug 1872 with Joseph Herrmanns as the first Postmaster. Other early Wood Ridge Postmasters included John H. Jansen (appointed 25 Apr 1882), Mary F. Ball (12 Mar 1883), James Young (21 Sep 1893), and Susan Fisher (30 Sep 1893). The Wood Ridge Post Office was discontinued 31 July 1901 and on 1 Aug 1901 it became a Sub-station of the Rutherford Post Office. The Post Office became the Woodridge Branch 16 Sep 1926; the name was changed in August 1929 to Wood-Ridge, and it became an Independent Branch in February 1939. Wood-Ridge today is a Branch of the Rutherford Post Office, and has a Zip Code of 07075.

General Information - In 1909, a station on the New Jersey and New York Railroad (Erie System). Residential, 1.1 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-1,000; 1940-5,739; 1970-8,311; 1980-7,929; 1990-7,506.


WYCKOFF

Wyckoff became a Bergen County, N.J. township, formed November 2, 1926 (referendum November 2, 1926) replacing Franklin Township. In 1931 part of its area transferred to Midland Park Borough.

The Reformed Dutch Church of Wyckoff was established here in 1806. The area was known by this name long before its official incorporation in 1926. The name supposedly is derived from an Indian word meaning "high ground," or possibly from the Indian "Wickock" having some reference to water. Others suggest the name may come from the Dutch "Wijk hof " (loosely, "magistrate town"). Wyckoff includes the section called Sicomac.

Wyckoff Postal Service - A post office by this name existed by 1868. Early postmasters included John P. Ramsey, Jr. (8 Sep 1868), Daniel D. Drew (14 July 1871), Nathaniel B. Depew (19 Feb 1880), John E. Mowerson (4 May 1881), Archer J. Mowerson (11 Nov 1902), Herman Klomburg (24 May 1909), and Richard Van Iderstone (16 Dec 1913). At one time mail for Wyckoff Township was handled by the Wyckoff and Midland Park Post Offices. The Wyckoff Zip Code is 07481.

General Information - In 1909, a station on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad. 6.18 sq. miles in area. Population: 1909-500; 1940-3,847; 1970-16,039; 1980-15,500; 1990-15,372.


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